Insulin costs cause many diabetes patients to skimp
25 percent of survey respondents reduced their prescribed doses because of cost, a study found.
The cost of insulin the United States has motivated one in four diabetes patients to skimp on insulin dosages to stretch the drug's longevity and accommodate their budgets, according to a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine. Many of these patients don’t discuss this practice with their doctors, the report adds.
Lorena Wright, a UW Medicine endocrinologist commenting on the Yale University study, says she sees these behaviors in her own practice. She tries to help the patients keep within the recommended dosage and still maintain their monthly budgets.
“It’s important that doctors bring this up and talk to their patients about trying perhaps more affordable insulin,” Wright said. “A patient with type 1 diabetes can die within a day if they don’t take their insulin.”
The study surveyed about 200 patients of various ages and socioeconomic groups who had been prescribed insulin in 2017 in New Haven, Connecticut. Researchers found that more than 25 percent used less insulin than had been prescribed by their provider. Over the last decade, the report noted, the price of insulin has tripled and out-of-pocket costs per prescription have doubled.
Although the sample size is small, Wright said it parallels her clinical experience and what she's heard from other providers.
“Some of the patients might use as little as possible to function,” she said. “But the side effects of this result in complications, from affecting their eyes to their kidneys.”
National attention was drawn to this practice this year when a young Minneapolis man reduced his insulin dosage to save money after he turned 26 and aged out of his parents’ health insurance. He died from lack of insulin, an autopsy showed.
In the new report, the practice of dose-skimping spanned ages; underuse was greatest, at 31 percent, among patients age 18 to 44. Of those earning less than $10,000 a year, 19.4 percent reported skimping on the drug – and perhaps surprisingly, 38 percent of those earning between $50,000 to $99,999 year reported doing so, as well.
Aside from the drug, there are strips, pumps and monitors which also can be expensive, she noted.
“I worry that providers who don’t work in diabetes as a specialty might not be fully aware of this issue, and may not bring it up,” she said. “It’s important to talk to patients about this and talk about strategy, such as switching them to a more affordable insulin, or connect them with programs that might provide charity care.”