Addressing cultural and religious barriers to water safety
A physician discusses how swim programs can accommodate people's religious values, with regard to clothing.
[Editor's note: This essay was originally published in AAP Voices, the blog of the American Academy of Pediatrics, and is reprinted here with permission. The author is Dr. Anisa Ibrahim, clinical assistant professor at the University of Washington School of Medicine and a pediatrician at Harborview Medical Center.]
Drowning is a leading cause of injury-related death in U.S. children, a fact that’s even more sobering when we consider that over 40% of our Puget Sound lowlands city’s total area is comprised of water. Swim lessons are a life-saving skill, an important layer of protection against drowning that all children should have.
A modest proposal: gender-specific swim sessions
In 2006, a pilot project created women’s only swim sessions, complete with female lifeguards and window shades, at a local pool and community. The success of this pilot lead to a year-long expansion that led to several pools in the Seattle area having women’s swim hour once a week. The opportunity to swim in a gender exclusive environment was so popular that there was overcrowding, and the slots often sold out.
It was clear that the biggest barrier keeping families from learning to swim, whether for water safety or exercise, was the need for gender-exclusive opportunities when women and children could spend time in the water while still practicing their religious beliefs. I personally benefitted from attending these swim sessions, where I could remove my hijab, and wear leggings and a tank top, instead of stressing about finding attire that I would be comfortable in with both genders present.
In addition, I felt respected and valued in my community. I saw that the lack of Muslim women and children in community center pools had little to do with whether they found swimming to be an important skill and more to do with religious accommodation.
A question of comfort
This experience has changed the way that I initiate the conversation with families who have religious or cultural values around swim attire. First, just as I would with any family, I make sure to mention the importance of learning to swim and water safety. Then, regardless of their initial response, I inquire about their comfort with swimming pools and swim lessons. The approach to this inquiry varies but is usually along the lines of “How comfortable are you going to your local swimming pool?” or, “Is there anything that makes it hard for you to go to swimming lessons?”
Some families may be forthcoming, but yet again, there is a hierarchy in the patient-doctor relationship that might make religion a difficult topic to bring up. This is why it’s important to not only ask, but also offer information.
Relaying information about the availability of women-only swim lessons is important, but gender-specific programs may not be readily available. I focus on making sure parents know that they have the right to dress their children more modestly and still participate in swim lessons and sports. For example, it should be acceptable to wear long sleeved swim wear or leggings under shorts for certain sports. Due to accepted norms, families may not know that they can request these accommodations and often just opt out of having their children participate.
I also empower parents to initiate a conversation about having programs accommodate their religious values with regards to clothing in a way that is respectful and safe. This empowering is at times even more important than advocating on behalf of them, because it centers on the parents’ voice. It also shows that you, as a provider, are supportive of the family in a way that acknowledges and respects the fact that they are the first and best advocate for their child.