Cystic fibrosis treatment, Denisovan anatomy, and 3D organ printing were among the highlighted pursuits of last year.
Scientists find 19 variations suggestive of positive selection, and likely introduced in prehistoric times through interbreeding with Neanderthals or Denisovans.
Two distinct interbreeding events with Denisovans, a sister group to Neanderthals, contributed to the ancestry of modern East Asians, according to a genetic data analysis.
A structure that represents the biggest known genetic difference between humans and Neanderthals also predisposes humans to autism.
The archaic Denisovan and Neanderthal DNA that persists in modern individuals from the Pacific islands of Melanesia could be a source of new information about early human history, according to a report published this Thursday, March 17, in the E